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The chemistry book : from gunpowder to graphene, 250 milestones in the history of chemistry

Derek B. Lowe author. 2016

Available at St. Ambrose University Library  Third Floor Stacks  (QD11 .L558 2016 )()

  • Title:
    The chemistry book : from gunpowder to graphene, 250 milestones in the history of chemistry
  • Author: Derek B. Lowe author.
  • Subjects: Chemistry -- History -- Popular works; g Physical sciences
  • Description: c. 500,000 BCE: crystals -- c. 3300 BCE: bronze -- c. 2800 BCE: soap -- c. 1300 BCE: iron smelting -- c. 1200 BCE: purification -- c. 550 BCE: gold refining -- c. 450 BCE: the four elements -- c. 400 BCE: atomism -- 210 BCE: mercury -- c. 60 CE: natural products -- c. 126: Roman concrete -- c. 200: porcelain -- c. 672: Greek fire -- c. 800: the philosopher's stone -- c. 800: Viking steel -- c. 850: gunpowder -- c. 900: alchemy -- c. 1280: aqua regia -- c. 1280: fractional distillation -- 1538: toxicology -- 1540: diethyl ether -- 1556: 'De re metallica' -- 1605: the advancement of learning -- 1607: Yorkshire alum -- 1631: quinine -- 1661: 'The skeptical chymist' -- 1667: phlogiston -- 1669: phosphorus -- 1700: hydrogen sulfide -- c. 1706: Prussian blue -- 1746: sulfuric acid -- 1752: hydrogen cyanide -- 1754: carbon dioxide -- 1758: Cadet's fuming liquid -- 1766: hydrogen -- 1774: oxygen -- 1789: conservation of mass -- 1791: titanium -- 1792: ytterby -- 1804: morphine -- 1805: electroplating -- 1806: amino acids -- 1807: electrochemical reduction -- 1808: Dalton's atomic theory -- 1811: Avogadro's hypothesis -- 1813: chemical notation -- 1814: Paris green -- 1815: cholesterol -- 1819: caffeine -- 1822: supercritical fluids -- 1828: Wöhler's urea synthesis -- 1832: functional groups -- 1834: ideal gas law -- 1834: photochemistry -- 1839: polymers and polymerization -- 1839: daguerreotype -- 1839: rubber -- 1840: ozone -- 1842: phosphate fertilizer -- 1847: nitroglycerine -- 1848: chirality -- 1852: fluorescence -- 1854: separatory funnel -- 1856: Perkin's mauve -- 1856: mirror silvering -- 1859: flame spectroscopy -- 1860: Cannizzaro at Karlsruhe -- 1860: oxidation states -- 1861: Erlenmeyer flask -- 1861: structural formula -- 1864: Solvay process -- 1865: benzene and aromaticity -- 1868: helium -- 1869: the periodic table -- 1874: tetrahedral carbon atoms -- 1876: Gibbs free energy -- 1877: Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution -- 1877: Friedel-Crafts reaction -- 1878: indigo synthesis -- 1879: Soxhlet extractor -- 1881: Fougère Royale -- 1883: Claus process -- 1884: Fischer and sugars -- 1885: Le Châtelier's principle -- 1886: isolation of fluorine -- 1886: aluminum -- 1887: cyanide gold extraction -- 1888: liquid crystals -- 1891: thermal cracking -- 1892: chlor-alkali process -- 1892: acetylene -- 1893: thermite -- 1893: borosilicate glass -- 1893: coordination compounds -- 1894: the mole -- 1894: asymmetrical induction -- 1894: diazomethane -- 1895: liquid air -- 1896: greenhouse effect -- 1897: aspirin -- 1897: zymase fermentation -- 1897: hydrogenation -- 1898: neon -- 1900: Grignard reaction -- 1900: free radicals -- 1900: silicones -- 1901: chromatography -- 1902: polonium and radium -- 1905: infrared spectroscopy -- 1907: Bakelite -- 1907: spider silk -- 1909: pH and indicators -- 1909: Haber-Bosch process -- 1909: Salvarsan -- 1912: x-ray crystallography -- 1912: Maillard reaction -- 1912: stainless steel -- 1912: boranes and the vacuum-line technique -- 1912: dipole moments -- 1913: mass spectrometry -- 1913: isotopes -- 1915: chemical warfare -- 1917: surface chemistry -- 1918: Radithor -- 1920: Dean-Stark trap -- 1920: hydrogen bonding -- 1921: tetraethyl lead -- 1923: acids and bases -- 1923: radioactive tracers -- 1925: Fischer-Tropsch process -- 1928: Diels-Alder reaction -- 1928: Reppe chemistry -- 1930: chlorofluorocarbons -- 1931: sigma and pi bonding -- 1931: deuterium -- 1932: carbonic anhydrase -- 1932: vitamin C -- 1932: sulfanilamide -- 1933: polyethylene -- 1934: superoxide -- 1934: the fume hood -- 1935: transition state theory -- 1935: nylon -- 1936: nerve gas -- 1936: technetium -- 1937: cellular respiration -- 1937: elixir sulfanilamide -- 1937: reaction mechanisms -- 1938: catalytic cracking -- 1938: Teflon -- 1939: the last element in nature -- 1939: 'The nature of the chemical bond' -- 1939: DDT -- 1940: gaseous diffusion -- 1942: steroid chemistry -- 1942: cyanoacrylates -- 1943: LSD -- 1943: streptomycin -- 1943: Bari raid -- 1944: Birch reduction -- 1944: magnetic stirring -- 1945: penicillin -- 1945: glove boxes -- 1947: antifolates -- 1947: kinetic isotope effects -- 1947: photosynthesis -- 1948: Donora death fog -- 1949: catalytic reforming -- 1949: molecular disease -- 1949: nonclassical ion controversy -- 1950: conformational analysis -- 1950: cortisone -- 1950: rotary evaporator -- 1951: Sanger sequencing -- 1951: the pill -- 1951: alpha-helix and beta-sheet -- 1951: ferrocene -- 1951: transuranic elements -- 1952: gas chromatography -- 1952: Miller-Urey experiment -- 1952: zone refining -- 1952: thallium poisoning -- 1953: DNA's structure -- 1953: synthetic diamond -- 1955: electrophoresis -- 1956: the hottest flame -- 1957: luciferin -- 1958: DNA replication -- 1960: thalidomide -- 1960: resolution and chiral chromatography -- 1961: NMR -- 1962: green fluorescent protein -- 1962: Noble gas compounds -- 1962: isoamyl acetate and esters -- 1963: Zieger-Natta catalysis -- 1963: Merrifield synthesis -- 1963: dipolar cycloadditions -- 1964: Kevlar -- 1965: protein crystallography -- 1965: cisplatin -- 1965: lead contamination -- 1965: methane hydrate -- 1965: Woodward-Hoffman rules -- 1966: polywater -- 1967: HPLC -- 1968: BZ reaction -- 1969: Murchison meteorite -- 1969: Gore-Tex -- 1970: carbon dioxide scrubbing -- 1970: computational chemistry -- 1970: glyphosate -- 1971: reverse-phase chromatography -- 1972: rapamycin -- 1973: B12 synthesis -- 1974: CFCs and the ozone layer -- 1975: enzyme stereochemistry -- 1976: PET imaging -- 1977: Nozaki coupling -- 1979: tholin -- 1980: iridium impact hypothesis -- 1982: unnatural products -- 1982: MPTP -- 1983: polymerase chain reaction -- 1984: electrospray LC/MS -- 1984: AZT and antiretrovirals -- 1984: quasicrystals -- 1984: Bhopal disaster -- 1985: fullerenes -- 1985: MALDI -- 1988: modern drug discovery -- 1988: PEPCON explosion -- 1989: Taxol -- 1991: carbon nanotubes -- 1994: palytoxin -- 1997: coordination frameworks -- 1998: recrystallization and polymorphs -- 2001: click triazoles -- 2004: graphene -- 2005: shikimic acid shortage -- 2005: olefin metathesis -- 2006: flow chemistry -- 2006: isotopic distribution -- 2009: acetonitrile -- 2010: engineered enzymes -- 2010: metal-catalyzed couplings -- 2013: single-molecule images -- 2025: hydrogen storage -- 2030: artificial photosynthesis
    The author explores 250 of the most significant and interesting chemistry milestones from c. 500,000 BCE to 2030. Chronologically organized, the entries each consist of a short summary and an image. The book presents an array of discoveries, theories, and technological applications as it traces the evolution of the "central science."--
  • Publisher: New York : Sterling
  • Creation Date: 2016
  • Format: 527 pages : color illustrations ; 22 cm.
  • Language: English
  • Identifier: ISBN9781454911807;ISBN1454911808
  • Source: 01SAUNI ALMA
  • Alma MMS ID: 991001357868902845

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